There is always moment of confusion among students which subject to choose and which faculty to make his/her educational pathway after finishing SEE examination. Many of these decisions are made upon suggestions of parents, guardians or someone you know. A student is somehow choosing the subject of their studies to get enrolled in any stream rather than a long term plan which directly indirectly influence their future career (in other word many of these students have generally no idea why they are enrolled in the specific stream). Or many of them do not relate their educational pathway connecting to their future profession. Career counseling opportunities is widely not available and the understanding of its necessity is not yet thought among wide population. Here we present some courses students choose in Nepal.
1. +2 National Examination Board (formerly HSEB)
This curriculum is developed by National Examination Board and is associated with Government of NEPAL. There are mainly 3 streams which students can opt to.
Science remains the most popular because it allow to walk on the path to Engineering and Medicine. Compulsory Subjects like English and Nepali and choices between Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics. Biology being a optional subject in +2 would open up the possibility to eligibility to dive into the medical education and also he/she would take chance in B.Sc. in different stream like micro-biology, Pharmacology, Medical technology, genetic engineering, Bio chemistry etc.
Student having Physics and Mathematics might take engineering courses like civil, computer or software engineering or other engineering faculties. Some of these students also swich the faculties and go on IT(information technology), BIT(bachelor in IT Management), BCIS,BCA,B.Sc. in computer science etc. Even though he/she goes for +2 in science many students choose to switch the faculty in Bachelors either in Management and Humanities stream too.
B. Commerce and Management
Management courses are higher education classes that develop a student’s professional marketing,accounting and administrative skills. The objective of a management course is to prepare the student for work as an office manager, small-business owner or corporate employee, by expanding his/her skill set in an area commonly utilized in the business world. The credits from a management course may also be applied toward the achievement of a Masters in Business Administration (MBA), an associate’s degree in management or a bachelor’s degree in business management. Travel & Tourism, Hotel management under culiniary art are currently popular among students.
Humanities include the varities of subjects: from social sciences, arts to economics and even dance and music. It is also subject for politician it include history and also people who want to become a psychologist you opt for psychology is also alive
A-levels course is affiliated to Cambridge University, UK. It has gained popularity amongst Nepali students because in A-levels, the student does not really have to go through courses that they do not feel like studying. Even though the courses available in the UK have much more variety, quite a selection is on offer from the British Council and numerous colleges here. A-level students have the opportunity to choose subjects even though the fields might clash. They are able to take Economics, Biology and Chemistry at the same time or take one subject from each field like Chemistry, Sociology and Business Studies. New subjects such as Environmental Management, Psychology, Geography and Tourism have recently been introduced.
Ten Plus Two (+2) program in Law is a two years program offered by National Examination Board (NEB). If someone is seeking to start their career in the administrative/legal sector then a degree in Law provides the perfect platform for putting you on the right path. Law is the most exciting and most popular courses for both home and international students. It is an instrument to transform static society to dynamic. It is the means to translate the voice of people to access justice in society.
Law is an attractive subject and popular choice in any country because of its fantastic career prospects. Nepal is not an exception. The history of the judicial system of Nepal has gone through various phases i.e. un- codified to codified laws: from kingdom to republic, from customary to legislative and From Janga Bhadur’s Muluki Ain to Nepal’s new criminal and Civil code 2075. Candidates seeking admission in Ten Plus Two (+2) Law program must have secured 1.6 GPA
Higher secondary schools offer a two-year higher secondary program in Education, which is a formal program for primary school teachers. The Ministry of Education also organizes primary teacher training programs. TU offers a two-year Certificate in Education. The minimum requirement is a SLC qualification. It can be expanded for a year or three towards a Bachelor’s degree.
Forestry is one of the fields that hold good future prospects for the students who have completed S.L.C. This subject is also a noble venture into forest conservation and constraining the mounting environmental degradation. Nepal has two institutions for forestry – one in Hetauda and another in Pokhara, both affiliated to the Tribhuvan University, offering certificate and bachelors level studies. The course provides advanced training in forestry and natural resource, conservation and management. Additional responsibilities include forestry research and development of technology suitable for Nepal. The campuses of the Institute of Forestry have laboratories, woodlots, arboreta, horticulture research farms, computer and other facilities.
6. Agriculture and veterinary
CTEVT has a 3-year Diploma in agriculture and veterinary practice. This is equivalent to +2 or I.Sc. The Rampur Campus at Chitwan is the only government college in the country that provides general agriculture education along with veterinary studies. You can join the BSc if you have Pure Science at ISc or +2. The Himalayan Institute of Agriculture and Science and Technology also offers agriculture and veterinary studies at the Bachelor’s level. CTEVT provides Junior Technical Assistant (JTA) course on agriculture for SLC students. A year of Junior Technician after JTA is equivalent to Isc
After the completion of S.L.C., students can opt for Sanskrit studies. The Intermediate in Sanskrit is called Uttar Madhyama. There are various colleges in and outside the valley that offer the intermediate course, all being affiliated to the Mahendra Sanskrit University. After the completion of Uttar Madhyama, students can enroll to the bachelors’ level study, i.e. Shastri and then masters level i.e. Acharya. Vedas, Sanskrit Grammar, Literature, Astronomy are some of the subjects that students have to study under the intermediate curriculum. The study of Sanskrit leads students to sectors like Archeology, Astrology, Astronomy, Anthropology and so forth. The study of Sanskrit helps the students in historical research as all the holy books and ancient scriptures of Hinduism and Buddhism are found to be written in Sanskrit language or its derivatives: for example Pali, which is the language of major Buddhist scriptures, is derived from Sanskrit.
8. Hospitality Management
Hospitality management is a growing field, globally. Colleges like NATHM (Nepal Academy of Tourism and Hospitality Management) offer access only after the completion of the intermediate level. However, they also offer some short-term courses on waiters, room boys, chefs, travel agents, house-keeping, front office, barman etc. The students can extend their career in different hotels, restaurants and at many administrative units after sincerely going through these courses.
9. FINE ARTS
Fine Art has a long history in Nepal. The first school established was ‘Art School’ in 1903. The subject is the best for the creative students. There are various Fine Arts colleges in and outside the valley that provide intermediate courses in Fine Arts. The Intermediate has classes on the basics of drawing and painting, and sculpture. English and Nepali are the compulsory subjects. While some colleges don’t offer the graphic part of the designing, some like Institute of Fine Arts, at Ganabahal, a newly opened Fine Arts institution, has such offering. Further into the course, classes on classical instruments, classical dances, textile designing and so forth are available.
Most popular subjects are listed below:
|S.N.||Subjects that can be chosen for grade 11 (+2)||GPA||Subjects where you need C+||Subjects where you need D+|
|1||Science Subject Group: Physics, Chemistry, Biology/ Mathematics/ Computer Science/ Agriculture||2||Science and Mathematics||English, Nepali and Social Studies|
|2||Vocational Subject Group: Animal Science/ Plant Science, Electrical Engineering/ Civil Engineering/ Computer Engineering||1.6||–||–|
|3||Mathematics/ Geography/ Accountancy/ Economics/ Computer Science/ Teaching Mathematics/ Psychology/ Elements of Finance/ Jyotish/ Co-operative Management/ Business Studies/ Business Mathematics||1.6||–||English, Nepali, Mathematics, Science and Social Studies|
|4||Physics Education/ Chemistry Education/ Biology Education/ Teaching Science||1.6||–||English, Nepali, Mathematics, Science and Social Studies|
|5||English/ Alternative English/ Teaching English/ Linguistics||1.6||–||English, Nepali, and Social Studies|
|6||Hotel Management/ Travel and Tourism||1.6||–||English, Nepali, Mathematics and Social Studies|
|7||Nepali/ Teaching Nepali||1.6||–||English/ Sanskrit, Nepali, and Social Studies|
|8||History/ Political Science/ Culture/ Home Science/ Sociology/ Philosophy/ Library and Information Science/ Rural Development||1.6||–||English, Nepali, and Social Studies|
|9||Introduction to Education/ Instructional Pedagogy/ Health and Physical Education/ Population Studies/ Environment Education||1.6||–||English, Nepali, Science, Health Population and Environment Education|
|10||Sanskrit Byakaran/ Sahitya/ Nyaya/ Veda/ Niti Shastra/ Bouddha Education/ Law||1.6||–||English/ Sanskrit, Nepali, and Social Studies|
|11||Mass Communication/ Human Value Education/ Law||1.6||English, Nepali, Social Studies|
|12||Maithali/ Hindi/ Newari/ French/ Japanese/ Urdu/ German/ Chinese and Other Languages||1.6||–||English|
|13||Dance/ Music/ Sculpture/ Painting/ Applied Arts/ Sports and Others||1.6|