Job and Labour Market
This delves in informing people about the structural hierarchy, the limited information about the labour market of Nepal.
What do I know, and what more do I need to know about Nepal’s labour market
The information available at the moment in the ministry of information and statistic bureau is not enough to make any concrete hypothesis, conclusion as well as produce any convincing statements about the future trend of the labour market in Nepal. However, there are few facts that have been staple news for the last half century, which need not be repeated. Facts like – the percentage of Nepali directly and indirectly involved in agriculture- 75% or so, the rising movement of Nepali workforce to Middle East for jobs- currently around 1500 people per day.
Though Nepal is still in the first stage of economic growth, primary sector (farming and agriculture) is still dominant in the nation. Normally, for sustaining growth the nation usually moves from primary to manufacturing and then to service sector. Nepal skipped the manufacturing sector and is moving rapidly into service. Information about the areas where the newest members of our work-force might want to work next is still under construction. The last 10 years, exponential growth was seen in infrastructure, esp. in hydro electricity, at the same time according to few experts, if managed, Nepal can be one of the most attractive places for travellers. Sadly, the movement to the Middle East has become a sensation mostly due to lack of information about the availability of domestic resources.
A huge number of youth are choosing urban areas to rural areas for both for opportunity (education, jobs etc.) as well as for permanent residence. It can be thus prematurely concluded that the increasing number of youth do not wish to recognize what is needed for the growth of their villages (villages make up over 70% of Nepal), and thus choose their education which are saturated and usually over supplied.
Educational System of Nepal
The main area this section deals with is the structure of the educational system and its reach to the different area of Nepal.
Nepal’s educational and learning sector can be roughly broken into five sections: Training, Diploma, TECS, Technical SLC and Academics. Though majority of students and teachers choose academics over the other 4 sections, they are well developed and have specific as well as a significant role in creating employment.
- Depending upon the level, this area can be accessed by people with basic literacy.
- Some short-term courses have a duration of less than 150 hours (3 hours a day for a month)
- Training can help you develop quick and specific skill, which are usually highly sought after.
- The same area can have a different level of training. (Electrician course can have training starting from 390 hours and can go up to 3 years)
Check links to see
The entire course provided by CTEVT: ctevt.org.np/
Career Disha Nepal Database: jobedudb.careerdishanepal.org/
All the skill testing by NSTB: nstb.org.np/
- Technical Secondary Education usually has chosen by those who have a certain leaning already set up. Like those who want to study Agriculture or Engineer or Health etc.
- TECS has five specialized course, each of which has the duration of 4-5 years.
- TECS help grow and specialize in the area of your interest from 8th
- Similar examination as SLC is taken for TECS students named TECS, with the two extra technical subjects that were the specialization.
- Post-TSLC training is accessible to everybody who appeared for SLC.
- Courses are offered by the Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT) and have the duration of 18 months each.
- Post-TSLC takes 1 year 3 months to 2 years 5 months to complete depending on respective subjects. Like those who want to study specific subjects area, engineer, health, agriculture, hospitality etc.
- This education type is after the completion of SLC, has more choices than that of TSLC and is more of a professional education than academic.
- Targeted towards the students that have a certain career in their mind.
- One can join Bachelors after the completion of Diploma or even get in the labour market.
All diploma Courses available in Nepal: jobedudb.careerdishanepal.org/
- Easily the most popular type of education available and chosen all over Nepal. It consists of SLC, +2, Bachelors …
- Targeted towards career that requires huge amount of information as well as analytical
- Most students who are involved in academics, they choose to study till Bachelors and then look for jobs.